By American Academy of Ophthalmology, George A. Cioffi MD
Presents a finished dialogue of glaucoma, together with epidemiology and the social and monetary affects of the ailment; hereditary and genetic components; intraocular strain and aqueous humor dynamics; and scientific review and surgical treatment. a number of the periods of scientific treatment for glaucoma are defined when it comes to efficacy, mechanism of motion and security. comprises quite a few pictures illustrating sickness entities and surgical techniques.
Upon finishing touch of part 10, readers may be capable to:
Identify the epidemiologic positive aspects of glaucoma, together with the social and fiscal affects of the disease
Describe the scientific assessment of the glaucoma sufferer, together with historical past and basic exam, gonioscopy, optic nerve exam, and visible field
Describe the medical gains, overview, and remedy of basic open-angle glaucoma and normal-tension glaucoma
List many of the scientific gains of and healing ways for the first and secondary open-angle glaucomas
Read or Download 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section 10: Glaucoma PDF
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Extra resources for 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section 10: Glaucoma
Indirect gonioscopy may be used with the patient in an upright position, with illumination and magnification provided by a slit lamp. A goniolens, which contains a mirror or mirrors, yields an inverted and slightly foreshortened image of the opposite angle. Although the image is inverted with an indirect goniolens, the right-left orientation of a horizontal mirror and the up-down orientation of a vertical mirror remain unchanged. The foreshortening, combined with the upright position of the patient, makes the angle appear a little shallower than it does with direct gonioscopy systems.
The Baltimore Eye Survey. Arch Ophthalmol. 1991;109(8):1090-1095. Methods other than Goldmann-type applanation tonometry With the recognition that the accuracy of applanation tonometry is dependent on many uncontrollable factors, there has been renewed interest in developing novel tonometric methods. In particular, new tonometers aim to lessen the potential inaccuracies in measurement that are secondary to differences in corneal thickness and rigidity. One such technology is the dynamic contour tonometer (DCT), a nonapplanation contact tonometer that may be more independent of corneal biomechanical properties and thickness than are older tonometers.
The connective tissue beams of the lamina cribrosa extend from this surrounding connective tissue border and are arranged in a series of parallel, stacked plates. The vascular anatomy of the anterior optic nerve and peripapillary region has been extensively studied (Fig 3-11). The arterial supply of the anterior optic nerve is derived entirely from branches of the ophthalmic artery via 1 to 5 posterior ciliary arteries. Typically, between 2 and 4 posterior ciliary arteries course anteriorly before dividing into approximately 10-20 short posterior ciliary arteries prior to entering the posterior globe.