Download 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section by American Academy of Ophthalmology, Rod Foroozan MD PDF

By American Academy of Ophthalmology, Rod Foroozan MD

Presents a symptom-driven method of the prognosis and therapy of significant neuro-ophthalmic stipulations. With the point of interest at the sufferer, this ebook emphasizes exam and acceptable adjunctive reviews, together with a dialogue of diagnostic imaging modalities, and leads the reader throughout the occasionally sophisticated manifestations of neuro-ophthalmic affliction to anatomical localization of lesions and definitive analysis. an outline of the anatomy of visible pathways is observed via many illustrations.

Upon final touch of part five, readers might be capable to:

- Describe a symptom-driven method of sufferers with universal neuro-ophthalmic proceedings so one can formulate a suitable differential diagnosis

- choose the main applicable assessments and imaging, in response to symptomatology, to diagnose and deal with neuro-ophthalmic issues in an economical manner

- investigate eye circulate issues and the ocular motor method

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Additional info for 2014-2015 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC): Section 5: Neuro-Ophthalmology

Sample text

Saccades are thought to be initiated by supranuclear inhibition of the omnipause cells, which allows burst cell impulses to activate the horizontal and vertical gaze centers (Fig 1-29). To produce horizontal movement of both eyes, a signal to increase firing must be distributed to the ipsilateral lateral rectus and the contralateral medial rectus muscles. The lateral rectus muscle is supplied directly through ipsilateral CN VI. The contralateral medial rectus muscle is stimulated by interneurons that cross in the pons and ascend in the contralateral MLF.

This sensory area is likely the origin of pursuit movements and thus links the afferent and efferent pathways. Compared with those ofVl, the receptive fields are larger. The superior colliculus receives afferent input both directly from the anterior visual pathways and secondarily from the calcarine cortex. The superficial layers contain a retinotopic map that overlies the deeper layers, which are primarily concerned with saccadic generation. 1 tel1 ~ . Horton JC, Hoyt WE The representation of the visual field in human striate cortex.

The neurons here encode the speed and direction of moving stimuli. This sensory area is likely the origin of pursuit movements and thus links the afferent and efferent pathways. Compared with those ofVl, the receptive fields are larger. The superior colliculus receives afferent input both directly from the anterior visual pathways and secondarily from the calcarine cortex. The superficial layers contain a retinotopic map that overlies the deeper layers, which are primarily concerned with saccadic generation.

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