By Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius
This quantity gathers jointly formerly unpublished articles targeting the connection among choice variation and autonomy in reference to human enhancement and within the end-of-life context. the worth of person autonomy is a cornerstone of liberal societies. whereas there are diversified conceptions of the proposal, it really is debatable that on any believable knowing of person autonomy an self sufficient agent must have in mind the stipulations that circumscribe its activities. but it has additionally been instructed that permitting one’s ideas to impact one’s personal tastes threatens autonomy. whereas this phenomenon has acquired a few awareness in different components of ethical philosophy, it has seldom been thought of in bioethics. This e-book combines for the 1st time the subjects of choice variation, person autonomy, and selecting to die or to augment human capacities in a distinct and entire quantity, filling an incredible wisdom hole within the modern bioethics literature.
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Extra info for Adaptation and Autonomy: Adaptive Preferences in Enhancing and Ending Life
J. ) The Good, the Right, Life and Death: Essays in Honor of Fred Feldman, Ashgate, Burlington VT, pp. : Autonomy or Authenticity? Commentary on Andrea Westlund’s ‘Rethinking Relational Autonomy’ and Catriona Mackenzie and Jacqui Poltera’s ‘Narrative Integration, Fragmented Selves and Autonomy. edu/sgrp 14 An earlier version of this paper was presented to the Philosophy and Religious Studies Department at the University of Mississippi. I am indebted to the audience for helpful feedback. Thanks also to Jukka Varelius and Juha Räikkä for very helpful feedback on an earlier version, which substantially improved the final product.
Dorsey they alter the preferences we have in light of external circumstances, in particular, facts about the way the world is, or facts about what is available or unavailable to us (cf. Elster 1981). Adaptive preferences block one’s own genuine evaluative attitudes insofar as maintaining our genuine attitudes, given facts about the way the world is, is worse; it is painful, frustrating, or otherwise disadvantageous. And hence it would appear that the essential fact of adaptive preferences, the fact that renders them a phenomenon at all, is that these preferences interrupt or mask our own genuine point of view.
And if there is no hope of fulfillment of those preferences, or if those preferences seem unlikely to be fulfilled, it may seem not just natural but positively rational to adapt our preferences to our circumstances (cf. Nussbaum 2000, 137-138). But the rationality of the phenomenon of adaptation, when in fact it is rational, does nothing to vindicate the normative authority of preferences that undergo such processes of adaptation. To see why, consider the potential influence of preferences on theories of social choice.