By Marc Boillot
The dynamic of the power Transition is engaged in lots of area of the area. it is a actual problem for electrical structures and a paradigm shift for present distribution networks. With assistance from "advanced" clever applied sciences, the Distribution approach Operators can have a relevant position to combine vastly renewable iteration, electrical motor vehicle and insist reaction courses. Many tasks are on-going to improve and check complex shrewdpermanent grids recommendations, with already a few classes learnt. in any case, the shrewdpermanent Grid is an average for Distribution process Operators to make sure the standard and the safety of strength supply.Several books were written to supply a definition of shrewdpermanent grids, discover different technical evolution wanted and clarify / examine what may be the merits. All these books are carried out on theoretical foundation by means of teachers and technique specialists. This new booklet will suggest a complementary and singular strategy in accordance with a pragmatic adventure from DSO's.
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Additional resources for Advanced Smartgrids for Distribution System Operators
The DSO, a player at the heart of the power system The entire power system is based on three fundamental components: the generation, the network and the consumers. As previously mentioned in the introduction, there are many sources of energy generation, notably fossil fuels (gasand coal-fired power stations), nuclear and hydraulic (from run of the river to great dams). These generation sources, known historically as “centralized”, were developed in a relatively small number and were capable of supporting the needs of a large number of consumers.
8 Advanced Smart Grids for Distribution System Operators At the same time, the basic principles of electric systems have not changed. Electricity must be generated at the same time it is consumed, whereas only small amounts can be stored. Also, voltage and frequency levels must be kept within prescribed limits to ensure the security and stability of electricity supply. Smart grids are not an option, they are a necessity. To tackle the challenges of energy transition, electricity networks will need to be more reactive and flexible to ensure the security and stability of the system, and also enhance interactions between market players.
This number is expected to reach 100 million meters by the end of 2014 according to IHS Inc6, and 1 billion meters by the end of 2020 according to Pike Research7. net. com/article/100_million_smart_meters_to_be_installed_ worldwide_in_2014. com/newsroom/the-installed-base-of-smartmeters-will-surpass-1-billion-by-2022. 6 Advanced Smart Grids for Distribution System Operators The changes in generation means and consumption trends will impact energy systems worldwide: – Producers will have to alter their business models in order to make their investments in existing generation facilities profitable, as well as to optimize operational management of energy combinations that increasingly integrate intermittent renewable energy sources (RES); – Transmission system operators (TSOs) will have to anticipate the risks of an unbalanced supply-demand ratio that may lead to a decrease in frequency and potential blackouts; they must also develop interconnections; – Distribution system operators (DSOs) will have to connect massively decentralized RES generation, electric vehicle recharge stations, modernize the networks and deploy smart grid technologies including metering systems; – Energy suppliers will have to reevaluate their offers and services in response to consumers’ expectations in the context of an increasingly competitive environment (progressive market opening, with the end of regulated tariffs).