Download An introduction to metaphilosophy by Overgaard, Søren; Burwood, Stephen; Gilbert, Paul PDF

By Overgaard, Søren; Burwood, Stephen; Gilbert, Paul

What's philosophy? How should still we do it? Why may still we trouble to? those are the categories of questions addressed by means of metaphilosophy - the philosophical learn of the character of philosophy itself. scholars of philosophy at the present time are confronted with a complicated and daunting array of philosophical tools, methods and kinds and in addition deep divisions corresponding to the infamous rift among analytic and Continental philosophy. This publication takes readers via an entire diversity of methods - analytic as opposed to Continental, scientistic as opposed to humanistic, 'pure' as opposed to utilized - allowing them to find and comprehend those other ways of doing philosophy. in actual fact and accessibly written, it's going to stimulate mirrored image on philosophical perform and should be precious for college students of philosophy and different philosophically susceptible readers

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34 Hacker 2009: 133. 33 31 32 What is philosophy? 35 If Hacker is wrong about the last bit, we open the door to an in principle infinite series of potential meta-sciences. When a new science S is created, the philosophy of S pops into existence as well, but if a systematic way is found to answer the questions of the philosophy of S, a new science S(s) emerges, thereby generating the philosophy of S(s), which in turn can be turned into a science and so forth. As Hacker implies, something does seem odd about such a scenario; but perhaps some of the oddness would vanish if we considered the idea in less abstract terms.

41 Weinberg, Nichols and Stich 2008: 19. 37 38 33 34 What is philosophy? Philosophy as the logic of science Platonists, in Ryle’s image, might think of philosophy as a sort of super-science of super-objects, and thus as continuous with empirical science, if science has to admit the existence of such objects in mathematics. The logical positivists, though very deferential to the empirical sciences, believed philosophy to be quite different from them. Moritz Schlick, for example, diagnoses what he calls ‘a curious misunderstanding and misinterpretation of the nature of philosophy’.

Hoping, in Simon Blackburn’s words, ‘to lay down a definition, an eternal fence, so that what lies within is philosophy, and what lies without is not’,9 essentialist views are in tension with the fact that, as already mentioned, the fence has seemingly been erected in different places in the course of philosophy’s history. Moreover, it is highly unlikely that a definition can be formulated that will allow us to include all and only those activities we currently think of as philosophical. Essentialist attempts to define philosophy can be either topical or methodological, but both sorts have their problems.

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