Download Anglo-Chinese Encounters since 1800: War, Trade, Science and by Wang Gungwu PDF

By Wang Gungwu

Wang Gungwu's research of the connection among China and the chinese language with imperial Britain examines the chances, in addition to the boundaries in their encounters. past the clichГ©s of opium, scuffling with, and the diplomatic abilities had to fend off competitors and enemies, Gungwu probes components of extra intimate encounters, now not least of that is the start of a broader English-speaking destiny among the 2 international locations.

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Additional info for Anglo-Chinese Encounters since 1800: War, Trade, Science and Governance

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On the one hand, the British carried the burden of having started the modern round of wars in China. On the other, the record shows how hard the British tried to stop any fighting that would inhibit their trade in China. The contrast has not been lost among the Chinese. The dichotomous image meets both the need for a symbol to unite an easily divided population and for a spur to Chinese businessmen to beat the British peacefully with China’s own long-established business skills and networks. Certainly, Chinese traders saw how much they could have had in common with the commercial traditions of the British.

3 billion), this powerful call to cross the last frontier sounds more attractive than ever. When one traces decisions made to open up the China market back to all those centuries when foreign traders knocked on the door of China, it is no wonder that Chinese coastal peoples expected maritime trade to profit them and Chinese governments believed that trade was too important to leave to merchants. It is a reminder that it took more than 320 years, from the Portuguese arrival to the Opium War, before the West could push themselves into the China market, a little more than 100 years after that for the market to close down again in 1949, and then another 22 years for the doors to reopen after 1978.

This is also the reason why the market reopened guardedly after 1978 and through the 1990s, and why it still sometimes resembles the controlled trading system that the British found so irksome in the nineteenth century. With China’s entry into the WTO, of course, a new chapter begins. But it may be a long while before China will allow its economy to be as open as some businesses want. It is with that background in mind that we turn to the words, “to trade”. The desire “to trade” has always been more central to British interests than the readiness “to fight”.

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