Download Water Scarcity, Land Degradation and Desertification in the by Raul Daussa (auth.), José L. Rubio, Uriel Safriel, Raul PDF

By Raul Daussa (auth.), José L. Rubio, Uriel Safriel, Raul Daussa, Winfried Blum, Fausto Pedrazzini (eds.)

Based at the feedback made through the audio system of Plenary consultation IV “Ch- lenges to the administration of water assets and to countering deserti cation within the Mediterranean zone” in the course of the fifteenth monetary and Environmental discussion board, the OCEEA proposed to arrange a workshop on “Water shortage, Land Degra- tion and Deserti cation within the Mediterranean quarter – setting and protection Aspects”. which will construct on universal synergies, OSCE sought co-operation with c- leagues from NATO, specifically from the technology for Peace and safety P- gramme. NATO has a longstanding services at the factor and had organised in Valencia, in December 2003, a NATO scienti c workshop on “Deserti cation and protection within the Mediterranean Region”. the target of the hot proposed wo- store will be to expand its concentration from the scienti c neighborhood to incorporate additionally coverage makers. 1 The workshop, geared toward executive of cials from the Mediterranean area, accrued representatives of Water administration, Land degradation and wilderness- cation Departments of Ministries of surroundings and representatives from the Ministries of international Affairs. moreover, coverage makers, scientists and specialists have been additionally invited. the purpose was once to debate how the OSCE, NATO and different c- petent agencies just like the UNCCD, UNEP, MAP, and the ecu may possibly play a job in making sure that surroundings and defense linkages when it comes to water shortage, land degradation and deserti cation are addressed within the Mediterranean Region.

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The southern, African lands of the Mediterranean Basin are drier than the northern, European lands, the latter being mainly semiarid drylands, with high desertification extent, yet more people are affected by desertification in the southern than in the northern sections of the Basin. All over the Mediterranean Basin the most extensively used land is also the most intensively used and becoming most degraded, irrespective of type of use. Thus in the northern Mediterranean desertification is driven by irrigation developments, themselves driven by markets and regional agricultural policies, whereas in the southern Mediterranean desertification is driven by encroachment of cultivation on rangelands, which are driven by population growth and national policies.

Of rainfed cropland, irrigated cropland, or range, pasture, forest and woodlands . ”. Thus, desertification may be defined as “reduction or loss of biological productivity in the drylands”, and given the above comparison of drylands’ productivity to that of other ecosystems “desertification” implies a further reduction of the already inherently low natural productivity of the drylands. However, since productivity in the drylands is mainly a function of water availability, and since the drylands’ climatic variability mainly involves rainfall fluctuations, biological productivity in the drylands is bound to fluctuate too (Safriel, 2007).

A call for an Intergovernmental Panel on Land and Soil has been made in the international scientific community and should be encouraged in the context of the CST. 8. Finally, some of our parties advocate as a pertinent measure the training of the armed forces. Indeed the army has a huge comparative advantage in terms of logistical capability and could be usefully engaged for disaster relief, which is already often the case, or less frequently, for targeted support to critical environmental action such as a tree planting campaign or the rehabilitation of waster harvesting infrastructures.

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